In ancient times these islands were referred to as "the Islands of the Blessed" or the "Fortunate Isles". The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized the islands, establishing the first European settlement in the tropics. Ideally located for the Atlantic slave tradethe islands grew prosperous throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, attracting merchants, privateersand pirates.
The end of slavery in the 19th century led to economic decline and emigration. Cape Verde gradually recovered as an important commercial center and stopover for shipping routes. Incorporated as an overseas department of Portugal inthe islands continued to campaign for independence, which was peacefully achieved in Since the early s, Cape Verde has been a stable representative democracyand remains one of the most developed and democratic countries in Africa.
Lacking natural resources, its developing economy is mostly service-oriented, with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment. Its population of aroundis mostly of mixed European, MoorishArab and African heritage, and predominantly Roman Catholic, reflecting the legacy of Portuguese rule.
A sizeable diaspora community exists across the world, slightly outnumbering inhabitants on the islands. Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the archipelago and, since independence infor the country. Inthe Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation Cabo Verde would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at the United Nationseven in English contexts.
Cape Verde is a member of the African Union. The name of the country stems from the nearby Cap-Verton the Senegalese coast. On 24 Octoberthe country's delegation announced at the United Nations that the official name should no longer be translated into other languages.
Before the arrival of Europeans, the Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited. Ribeira Grande was the first permanent European settlement in the tropics. the 16th century, the archipelago prospered from the Atlantic slave trade. Francis Drakean English privateertwice sacked the then capital Ribeira Grande in when it was a part of the Iberian Union.
Decline in the slave trade in the 19th century resulted in an economic crisis. Cape Verde's early prosperity slowly vanished. However, the islands' position astride mid-Atlantic shipping lanes made Cape Verde an ideal location re-supplying ships. With few natural resources and inadequate sustainable investment from the Portuguese, the citizens grew increasingly discontented with the colonial masters, who nevertheless refused to provide the local authorities with more autonomy.
InPortugal changed Cape Verde's status from a colony to an overseas province in an attempt to "La monarquia romana yahoo dating" growing nationalism. It demanded improvement in economic, social and political conditions in Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea and formed the basis of La monarquia romana yahoo dating two nations' independence movement.
Portuguese Guinea declared independence in and was granted de La monarquia romana yahoo dating independence in On 30 JuneCape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on 5 July Problems have since been resolved and relations between the countries are good. Responding to growing pressure for pluralistic democracy, the PAICV called an emergency congress in February to discuss proposed constitutional changes to end one-party rule.
Together, they campaigned for the right to contest the presidential election scheduled for December The one-party state was abolished 28 Septemberand the first multi-party elections were held in January The party won 50 of the National Assembly's 72 seats. A February presidential election returned President Monteiro to office.
Cape Verde is a stable semi-presidential representative democratic republic. The president is the head of state and is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term.
The prime minister is the head of government and proposes other ministers and secretaries of state. The prime minister is nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president. Separate courts hear civil, constitutional, and criminal cases. Appeal is to the Supreme Court. Cape Verde follows a policy of nonalignment and seeks cooperative relations with all friendly states. Cape Verde has bilateral relations with some Lusophone nations and holds membership in a number of international organisations.
Having fought their only war for independence against Portugal between andthe efforts of the Caboverdean Armed Forces have
La monarquia romana yahoo dating been turned to combating international drug trafficking. The operation took more than three years, being a secret operation during the first two years, and ended in Although located in Africa, Cape La monarquia romana yahoo dating has always had close relations with Europe.
The most recent engagement of the Armed Forces was the Monte Tchota massacre that resulted in 11 deaths. Cape Verde is often La monarquia romana yahoo dating [ citation needed ] as an example among African nations for its stability and developmental growth despite its lack of natural resources. Among other achievements, it has been recognised
La monarquia romana yahoo dating the following assessments:.
The largest island, both in size and population, is Santiago, which hosts the nation's capital, Praia, the principal urban agglomeration in the archipelago. Three of the Cape Verde islands, Sal, Boa Vista and Maio, are fairly flat, sandy, and dry; the others are generally rockier with more vegetation.
Geologically, the islands, covering a combined area of slightly over 4, square kilometres 1, square milesare principally composed of igneous rockswith volcanic structures and pyroclastic debris comprising the majority of the archipelago's total volume.
The volcanic and plutonic rocks are distinctly basic; the archipelago is a soda-alkaline petrographic province, with a petrologic succession similar to that found in other Macaronesian islands. Magnetic anomalies identified in the vicinity of the archipelago indicate that the structures forming the islands date back — million years: The first stage of volcanism in the islands began in the early Mioceneand reached its peak at the end of this period, when the islands reached their maximum sizes.
Historical volcanism within human settlement has been restricted to the island of Fogo. The origin of the islands' volcanism has been attributed to a hotspotassociated with bathymetric swell that formed the Cape Verde Rise.
Most recently erupting inPico do Fogo is the largest active volcano in the region. It has a 8 kilometres 5 miles diameter calderawhose rim is 1, metres 5, feet altitude and an interior cone that rises to 2, metres 9, feet above sea level. The caldera resulted from subsidence, following the partial evacuation eruption of the magma chamber, along a cylindrical column from within magma "La monarquia romana yahoo dating" at a depth of 8 kilometres 5 miles.
Extensive salt flats are found on Sal and Maio.
According to the president
La monarquia romana yahoo dating NauruCape Verde has been ranked the eighth most endangered nation due to flooding from climate change. Cape Verde's climate is milder than that of the African mainland, because the surrounding sea moderates temperatures on the islands and cold Atlantic currents produce an arid atmosphere around the archipelago.
Conversely, the islands do not receive the upwellings cold streams that affect the West African coast, so the air temperature is cooler than in Senegal, but the sea is warmer, because the orographic relief of some islands, such as Santiago with steep mountains, cover it with rich woods and luxuriant vegetation where the humid air condenses and soak the plants, rocks, soil, logs, moss, etc.
Most of the year's rain falls in September. Sal, Boa Vista and Maio have a flat landscape and arid climate, the remaining ones are generally rockier and have more vegetation. Because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the landscape is arid.
Most rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist. Praia, on the southeast coast, is the largest city of the island and the largest city and capital of the country. Because of their proximity to the La monarquia romana yahoo dating, most of the Verde islands are dry, but on islands with high mountains and farther away from the coast, by orography, the humidity is much higher, providing a rainforest habitat, although much affected by the human presence.
Northeastern slopes of high mountains often receive a lot of rain while southwest slopes do not. These umbria areas are identified with cool and moisture. Western Hemisphere-bound hurricanes often have their La monarquia romana yahoo dating beginnings near the Cape Verde Islands. These are referred to as Cape Verde-type hurricanes. These hurricanes can become very intense as they cross warm Atlantic waters away from Cape Verde.
The average hurricane season has about two Cape Verde-type hurricanes, which are usually the largest and most intense storms of the season because they often have plenty of warm open ocean over which to develop before encountering land. The five largest Atlantic tropical cyclones on record have been Cape Verde-type hurricanes. Most of the longest-lived tropical cyclones in the Atlantic basin are Cape Verde hurricanes. The islands themselves have only been struck by hurricanes twice in recorded history since Cape Verde's isolation has resulted in the islands having a number of endemic speciesparticularly birds and reptiles, many of which are endangered by human development.
Endemic birds include Alexander's swift Apus alexandriBourne's heron Ardea purpurea bourneithe Raso lark Alauda razaethe Cape Verde warbler Acrocephalus brevipennisand the Iago sparrow Passer iagoensis. Reptiles include the Cape Verde giant gecko Tarentola gigas. Cape Verde is divided into 22 municipalities concelhos and subdivided into 32 parishes freguesiasbased on the religious parishes that existed during the colonial period:.
Cape Verde's notable economic growth and improvement in living conditions despite a lack of natural resources has garnered international recognitionwith other countries and international organizations often providing development aid.
the UN has classified it as a developing nation rather than a least developed country. Cape Verde has few natural resources. Mineral resources include salt, pozzolana a volcanic rock used in cement productionand limestone. A number of wine tours of Cape Verde's various microclimates began to be offered in spring and can be arranged through the tourism office. Light manufacturing accounts for most of the remainder. Fish and shellfish are plentiful, and small quantities are exported.
Cape Verde has cold storage and freezing facilities and fish processing plants in Mindelo, Praia, and on Sal. Sincethe government has pursued market-oriented economic policies, including an open welcome to foreign investors and a far-reaching privatization programme.
It established as
La monarquia romana yahoo dating development priorities the promotion of a market economy and of the private sector; the development of tourismlight manufacturing industries, and fisheries; and the development of transportcommunicationsand energy facilities.
It is one of the top countries for renewable energy. Between andreal GDP increased on average by over 7 percent a year, well above the average for Sub-Saharan countries and faster than most small island economies in the region.
Strong economic performance was bolstered by one of the fastest growing tourism industries in the world, as well as by substantial capital inflows that allowed Cape Verde to build up national currency reserves to the current 3. Unemployment has been falling rapidly, and the country is on track to achieve most of the UN
La monarquia romana yahoo dating Development Goals — including halving its poverty level.
Cape Verde has significant cooperation with Portugal at every level of the economy, which has led it to link its currency first to the Portuguese escudo and, into the euro. Cape Verde's strategic location at the crossroads of mid-Atlantic air and sea lanes has been enhanced by significant improvements at Mindelo 's harbour Porto Grande and at Sal's and Praia's international airports. Ship repair facilities at Mindelo were opened in The major ports are Mindelo "La monarquia romana yahoo dating" Praia, but all other islands have smaller port facilities.